Installation guide for recessed downlight
Why choose recessed spotlights?
Recessed spotlights can be used in almost any interior. Recessed spotlights are very suitable as direct lighting and can also be used very well as decorative lighting. Just think of a dark corner where just no hanging or floor lamp fits. Or in a modern interior where striking hanging and floor lighting is very disturbing.
Types of recessed spotlights:
Before the LED lighting came up we had incandescent, halogen and energy-saving lamps.
No ballast was required for incandescent, energy-saving and high-voltage halogen lamps.
A transformer was needed for low-voltage halogen. With the rise of LED lighting, these old models are being phased out and we now only have LED lighting.
The LED recessed luminaires that are now available on the market can be divided into 2 types:
LED recessed spotlights with a replaceable light source
You can replace the lamp with these fixtures. Think of a GU10 LED lamp, MR16 12 volt LED lamp or a LED module. If the light source is broken or you want a different lamp, these are easy to replace. These luminaires are often inexpensive because there is no lamp.
LED recessed spotlights with a fixed light source
Here the LED is built into the fixture, which means that more beautiful designs can be made and a lower installation height can certainly be achieved. The light output per wat is often much higher than a spot with a replaceable LED lamp. Often these spots need a separate LED driver / transformer. These spots are often dimmable, but make sure it is listed! The light color of these spots is now also available in warm colors.
Make sure you have all the tools you will need ready. If you are unsure about how to install the spotlights in a safe way, it is better to have an installer install the LED recessed spotlights for you.
Always read the instructions for use from the packaging first. This can differ per item and per supplier. It may contain important points with regard to safety measures and installation dimensions that apply specifically to those recessed spotlights.
Spotlights in the bathroom
Check the packaging of the spots to see which degree of protection against moisture and water (IP class) they meet.
Step-by-step plan for installing recessed spotlights
Please turn off the power before you start!
Determine where the recessed spotlights will hang. This is possible
you do as you see fit. The recessed spotlights must be placed at least 35 cm apart.
Determine the size of the hole in which the recessed spot will soon be processed.
Cut the holes with a large hole drill or with a jigsaw. If you have drilled the hole too large, you can use filler rings.
LED recessed spotlights can also get very hot. It is very important that you leave recessed spots free around the installation space, so that the spots can lose their heat. This gives the LED spot a longer life.
If you have downlights without LED TRAFO, follow the next step: Light it
power cord depending on luminaire with or without earth from above through the drilled hole. Three wires run from the light point to the earthed socket:
- a black switch wire
- a blue zero wire (N);
- a yellow / green earth wire
Make sure that, by means of a terminal block, the cord from the socket (with an earthing contact!) Is connected to the 3 wires that run from the light point. Match color to color. See scheme A.
Installation schedule LED recessed spot without DRIVER
The following applies to LED spots equipped with LED DRIVER:
Slide the LED transformer through the hole and insert the plug into the (surface-mounted) socket or connect the LED DRIVER to the LIGHT NETWORK.
Installation diagram for recessed spotlights with LED transformer / LED driver
To know how to place the recessed spotlight in the hole, you should consult the manual of the spotlight.
The method of installation differs per recessed spot. Make sure that no tools or materials are left above the ceiling.
Now check whether the spotlights are properly secured.
LED recessed spotlights also get very hot. When the recessed spotlights are covered, they cannot lose their heat. This makes the lifespan much shorter. So make sure that the spots are not covered by insulation material or other materials that have been left above the ceiling.
You should also consult the directions for use of the spotlight for the placement of the lamp.
Now switch on the power again. Test whether the spots all come on and see if the dimmer works.
This information is not legally binding.